Category Archives: July 1944

22nd Infantry Regiment Journals – July 1944

Incidents, Messages, Orders, Etc.
Saturday, July 1, 1944, 2200HenryKenanKenan notified Henry to Have Captain Maskin, Co D 4th Med to come to this CP to see Maj Kenan and Col Foster sometime tomorrow. 308959
Saturday, July 1, 1944, 2230RugglesKentMust investigate willful destruction of uniforms in 1st Bn. The men responsible will either have to sew them or pay for the clothing destroyed. No laundry available so the entire Division will have to wash their own clothes.308959
Sunday, July 2, 1944, 0105HenrySheehyNotification to Capt Maskin was delivered. Will contact Col. Foster 2 July.308959
Sunday, July 2, 1944, 0140Can CanSheehyNo line through Can Can
Sunday, July 2, 1944, 0143G-3SheehyLocation of Can Can 297927308959
Sunday, July 2, 1944, 0146Blue (3/22)SheehyCapt. Walker informed of Can Can's location.308959
Sunday, July 2, 1944, 1440Blue (3/22)HenleyGave Capt. Walker direction to this CP.308959
Sunday, July 2, 1944, 1730All UnitsKenanWarning order to all units of this command - Be prepared to move by O31200B July 44.308959
Sunday, July 2, 1944, 1739S-3BryantCalling for Col.Foster. Col. Foster was not in at the time so Col. Bryant said he would call back.308959
Sunday, July 2, 1944, 2030During the day we received one snow buggy from AT Co, one snow buggy and one jeep from Cannon Company and one jeep from the I & R Platoon of Hq & Hq Co for redistribution as follows: The jeeps (2) for liaison officers, the snow buggies for Chaplains. We are also receiving a jeep from Service Company for Col. Ruggles.308959
Sunday, July 2, 1944, 2320G-2S-2Major Moon has sent two civilians to CIC for questioning. They were apprehended by Capt. Lemann asking pertinent questions concerning arms and personnel.308959
Sunday, July 2, 1944, 2327MoonScroggsInformed Major Moon that civilians who are to be questioned by CIC should not be sent to Division Hq or any other Hq. CIC should be called to the spot they are apprehended.308959
Sunday, July 2, 1944, 2330G-2MoonMajor Moon asks how to contact CIC308959
Monday, July 3, 1944, 0800S-3DivisionCalled to remind us that we supply 15 of the guides.308959
Monday, July 3, 1944, 0905All UnitsS-3Each Bn. and Separate Co. will send from its quartering party Bn. - One officer for the Bn. and one enlisted man from each company. Separate Co's - 1 NCO each. These shall report at the Regimental CP at 0945. Transportation will be supplied by each unit involved. Regt will move any two hours after 1200 by foot and motor. Foot elements to lead; motors to follow. Orders will follow. Checked all Bns. and separate Companys.308959
Monday, July 3, 1944, 1000S-3Personnel Adj.When personnel section moves they need the following transportation - 4-1/2 T trucks w/o trailers or 3-1/2 T trucks with trailers.308959
Monday, July 3, 1944, 1135FO #16 sent out by liaison officers.308959
Monday, July 3, 1944, 1235All UnitsS-3Change in IP and route on FO #16. New IP at cross roads at 294961 - New route west from new IP to cross roads at 273954 and south along present route.308959
Monday, July 3, 1944, 1445Conference callS-3There will be movement today. This Regiment will move tomorrow (July 4) depending on developments now in progress. All arrangements made will be carried out tomorrow as directed today. Quartering parties will return to their units and be ready for some details tomorrow. The movement will be to the same area.308959
Monday, July 3, 1944, 1618KenanDrakeRoute B is blown out at one point. Alternate for this point will be rerouted east through Picauville. Control point will be 280938 to other intersection on far and of Etienville 283930. This section will be one-way traffic south. Move any two hours plus 0600 tomorrow.308959
Monday, July 3, 1944, 1622CargoHenryAgreed by Major Gowan to retain guides from our I & R Platoon over night and furnish rations for them.308959
Monday, July 3, 1944, 1630DrakeKenanRe-checked route with Major Drake.308959
Monday, July 3, 1944, 1647KentKenanHave billeting detail out tomorrow at 0700.308959
Monday, July 3, 1944, 1800All UnitsS-3Distribution made to all Bns. & Separate Co's of overlay to accompany FO #16 - No change assembly areas.308959
Monday, July 3, 1944, 1932GravrokCactusSaid Cabbage was receiving small arms fire - wanted to know if we were doing any firing. Lt. Gravrok checked 2nd Battalion and AT Co. - We aren't doing any firing at the present time.308959
Tuesday, July 4, 1944, 1050Maj. DeYoung, Div G4, visited CP308959
Tuesday, July 4, 1944, 1155HenryG1Wanted information on Col. Teague in connection with his decorations. Need information for Army. Henry referred him to Col Teague for details.308959
Tuesday, July 4, 1944, 1450HenryGoodwinWe won't move until tomorrow - will move after Cabbage moves. General desires that we have some kind of mass organized athletics - Henry notified all units about organized athletics and what information he had on when we might move.308959
Tuesday, July 4, 1944, 1515GoforthKentTold him that an unusual amount of equipment and ammunition was left in Co. "D" in last area.308959
Tuesday, July 4, 1944, 1815S-3MarrMeeting tonight at Division. Col. Foster and one staff officer to attend.308959
Tuesday, July 4, 1944, 1830S-3MarrMeeting called off for tonight. Will be tomorrow at 0930.308959
Tuesday, July 4, 1944, 1940S-312th Inf.CP of 12th Inf. located at 324866.308959
Tuesday, July 4, 1944, 1955CactusHenryBn. Hq. of Engineers at 282985.308959
Wednesday, July 5, 1944, 1300All CommandersFoster(Conference) We will have seven battalions of artillery in support of us. Will be attacking in very flat ground. Flat trajectory weapons can be used quite extensively. Told officers to be planning their use. At least two river crossings will have to be made. Reconnaissance will have to be made at night and in secrecy as to not disclose our direction of attack. Ammunition supply will be difficult so carry maximum. Resupply will be made after dark. March discipline of new men will have to be stressed. Can't say just when we will move but remain on two hour alert. Will have signs in the future to help troops find their way. SOP for quartering party is one officer per Battalion and one enlisten man per company and separate company. Maps are scarcer then heretofor. Study maps and look for likely 88 MM emplacements.308959
Wednesday, July 5, 1944, 1640FosterLiaisonLast of foot troops of the 8th cleared IP at 1539. CP of 8th at 326872. Motors will not move until 1700 at the earliest.308959
Wednesday, July 5, 1944, 1748HenryAA OfficersThese officers saw the 12th crossing La Madeline river. There was intermittent enemy artillery fire. Cargo CP was ready to move up. Our artillery was in close support. The enemy's 88's were concentrating their fire on the road.308959
Wednesday, July 5, 1944, 2134All UnitsKenanAll units from Keenan warning order to all units: move by motor to assembly area at approximately 3583 061200B July 44. Quartering parties report to regimental CP 0700. Carry "K" rations - Trucks released to battalion and separate companies in the vicinity of Amphreville 06100B July 44.308959
Wednesday, July 5, 1944, 2200KenanGoodwinChange of plans for movement – assembly area 360833 north of good road – trucks report to us 0800. We leave as soon as possible. Front lines at 353792 as of 1830.308959
Wednesday, July 5, 1944, 2205All UnitsS-3Change in warning order: Move by truck to assembly area at 360833 approximately 09006 July. Quartering parties report to adjutant 0600. Have transportation and carry "K" rations. Trucks released to battalion and separate companies vicinity Amphreville 0800 – kitchens revert to Regimental control 0900 at CP. Route: Main road to St. Mere Eglise, right on main road to Carentan then right to new assembly area.308959
Thursday, July 6, 1944, 0307All unitsS-3FO #17 space distribution made.308959
Thursday, July 6, 1944, 0945Fwd echelon moving forward to new CP.361836
Thursday, July 6, 1944, 1150Forward echelon arrived at new CP. Roads very congested with military traffic. New CP located at 361836.361836
Thursday, July 6, 1944, 1225Col. Foster wants Goforth to report to CP for a talk.361836
Thursday, July 6, 1944, 1232EdwardsKenanEdwards says his units are almost all in – Kenan says cargo is making slow progress. Enemy using planned artillery fire. Kenan gave second Battalion a recon area. We probably won't be committed until tomorrow.361836
Thursday, July 6, 1944, 1240DivisionKenanCanCan CP located at 343844.361836
Thursday, July 6, 1944, 1250KenanHarrison2nd Battalion closed at 1230.361836
Thursday, July 6, 1944, 1355S-3WillinghamAT company closed at 1315. CP at 353835.361836
Thursday, July 6, 1944, 1410S-3Company C 4th MedClosed at 1350.361836
Thursday, July 6, 1944, 1400BlueS-33rd Battalion has not identified its closing yet.361836
Thursday, July 6, 1944, 1450BlueS-33rd Battalion closed at 1345.361836
Thursday, July 6, 1944, 1455CactusFosterAll of Regiment has closed. CP at 361835.361836
Thursday, July 6, 1944, 1540KentDeYoungWants to be informed located of train, ammunition DP, and collecting company at all times.361836
Thursday, July 6, 1944, 1547CabbageS-3Location of frontline – haven't moved yet. They are still in assembly area.361836
Thursday, July 6, 1944, 1625DivisionS-2A 155mm dud located at 359834.361836
Thursday, July 6, 1944, 1626GoforthKenan1st Battalion notified to be on alert to move in one hour to support Cargo.361836
Thursday, July 6, 1944, 1630ZollerKenanArtillery notified to be on alert to move with 1st Battalion.361836
Thursday, July 6, 1944, 1653CargoKenanCargo White front lines at 355800. Extends N.W. – Blue right behind White.361836
Thursday, July 6, 1944, 1705Major Moon got report that many Germans had stolen civilian clothes.361836
Thursday, July 6, 1944, 1720EgglestonFosterWanted Eggleston to report to CP.361836
Thursday, July 6, 1944, 2045S-3CanCanCanCan called and asked for location of Blue and White CP's so as to send forward observers there. Maj. Kenan gave him information. Blue at 366840 - White at 366831.361836
Thursday, July 6, 1944, 2050Red 3S-3Maj. Kenan asked if liaison officer and forward observers arrived from CanCan – Answered yes.361836
Thursday, July 6, 1944, 2110S-3MarrThe 12th will move on to coordinate 35. The 8th will make a night attack to pull abreast of the 12th on the right flank.361836
Thursday, July 6, 1944, 2115All UnitsKenanAll units from Kenan – The 1st Battalion is released from 1 hour alert. The 22nd on 2 hour alert to advance and pass thru the 12th and seize the 12th objective. In any eventuality we will move one bound forward behind the 12th. The 22nd is prepared to move on short notice. Short notice is probable. There will probably be an order out tonight.361836
Thursday, July 6, 1944, 2205S-3EdwardsThere is not enough yellow smoke grenades on hand to use to mark lines. Maj. Edwards was told to go back and draw all he needed.361836
Thursday, July 6, 1944, 2215Cactus 3MoonCapt. Moon request a photographic mission flown tomorrow. Major Swink will fly this mission if it is flown. From Pirier north and east along the river Taute to vertical grid 35. The patient thinks chances are slight but are sending some photos taken in this vicinity if the not answer will endeavor to have the mission flown.361836
Thursday, July 6, 1944, 2220S-2OperatorReported unexploded shell lying exposed in road. This has been reported previously and it was to be taken care of. Since it could not be removed before tomorrow afternoon Capt. Moon will have a barrier put around it.361836
Thursday, July 6, 1944, 2245KenanHenryLocation of CanCan for liaison men – 353827.361836
Thursday, July 6, 1944, 2255S-1HenryReceipt of message to Spec. Co's. This message is reported previously in this journal.361836
Thursday, July 6, 1944, 2300S-3EllasPositions of Battalions at 12th clarified & commitments of C company and one unnamed company made and reported. One company of the 1st Battalion of the 12th has infiltrated in 83rd division area to knock out 30 men and 1 75mm gun in operation. The 12th has taken only 8 prisoners and suffered 50 casualties. Report extensive mines and roadblocks in this area. One roadblock at 342782 surrounded with mines.361836
Thursday, July 6, 1944, 2310Cactus 3S-3Maj. Kenan wanted to know if we should all be awake and alert at daybreak. Answer – No, but be prepared for any eventuality. Call at 0700 in the morning for clear picture of situation.361836
Thursday, July 6, 1944, 2315S-2Noble C Co.Reports to Maj. Moon that he saw F Company on the other side of road. Engineers off road. Antitank there on road. This report was meant for 1st Battalion and misdirected to S-2.361836
Thursday, July 6, 1944, 2325S-1S-3Received a copy of S-3 periodic report for file. These periodic reports are requested by Division.361836
Thursday, July 6, 1944, 2330Cactus 4S-3Want location of Castiron CP. Answer 261982.361836
Thursday, July 6, 1944, 2335Report elements of 6th paratroopers (German) in Division sector. Report element of armored Int. in our sector.361836
Friday, July 7, 1944, 0015The 8th 1st and 2nd bns will attack at 0330 July 7 under artillery barrage
abreast. The 12th starts 0630. Bombing will be used on objective preceded by heavy artillery barrage. Barrage 0546. Bombing 0600 to 0635.
Friday, July 7, 1944, 0015DivisionDeedyLt. Deedy is bringing to Div S3 Periodic report covering period from 052400B July 44 to 0624002 July 44.361836
Friday, July 7, 1944, 0049All UnitsFosterWarning order issued. Distribution made and completed at 0135.361836
Friday, July 7, 1944, 0700S-3Cactus 3Maj. Kenan called and asked for situation. He was told 8th had advanced but not as far as they expected to go. Don't know about 12th.361836
Friday, July 7, 1944, 0725S-3DeedyReports that the 8th has passed the inundated area and is moving forward to its objective. The 12th got off on time but is moving very slowly because of heavy machine gun fire.361836
Friday, July 7, 1944, 0746S-3BensonAsked Maj. Kenan if photos sent covered terrain. Maj. Kenan answered no. New pictures will be sent. The mission for these photographs was already flown.361836
Friday, July 7, 1944, 0830GoodwinKenan12th 1st Bn has moved to pass over and around the 2nd. 8th situation not known.361836
Friday, July 7, 1944, 0943S-3WillinghamGeneral positions of Bn's of 8th and 12th.361836
Friday, July 7, 1944, 1053Col. Foster wants all officers from Regiment to report to CP by 1130.361836
Friday, July 7, 1944, 1614All UnitsFosterAll Bn Comdrs report to Regtl CP and bring one staff officer who can make reconnaissance of area to the rear of the 83rd for a forward assembly area.361836
Friday, July 7, 1944, 1615S-1S-3Received overlay for files. Reference points to be used in connection with operations in this zone.361836
Friday, July 7, 1944, 1623All UnitsFosterAll units are alerted to move on one hour notice.361836
Friday, July 7, 1944, 1625Cactus 3FosterCol. Foster requested that pt #7 be bombed ahead of proposed schedule. He was informed that points 2,3,6 & u had been ordered to be bombed at 1900 this evening. Col. Foster spoke of further missions and was advised that 3 hours notice in advance is best and time limits would always be named. Dive bombing is being used entirely.361836
Friday, July 7, 1944, 1725S-1Liaison1st Bn of 12th captured a Lt Col and 6 men of the 1st SS Panzer Div. The officer was the commander of the SS Regiment.361836
Friday, July 7, 1944, 1730HenryBurnside329th west to east dispersed 350790. 1st and 3rd Bn behind 1600. 12th Inf CP 352820. The 70th TD Bn is lined up on main road. The 12th has run against tough young fresh troops. Prisoners sullen. she enemy is dug in deep.361836
Friday, July 7, 1944, 1755GoodwinKenanMaj. Kenan asked what coordination would be between the 22nd and the 12th so that there wouldn't be any 12th fire on us. Goodwin says the 12th is advised of our position and will use no artillery. They are receiving an overlay which will define the position of the 22nd. Co Co of the 801 TD is attached to us. All of 70th Tank except one Co. Co D of the Chemical Mortars is attached to us. There will be not attack tonight. It is tentatively planned for 0600 tomorrow.361836
Friday, July 7, 1944, 1945KenanHarrisonHarrison gave Kenan some dope about Division front.361836
Friday, July 7, 1944, 2130KenanGoodwinAdvance information- attack 0900 8 July- 10D 352795.361836
Friday, July 7, 1944, 2141FosterDivisionGen. Barton wants Foster to report to Division CP.361836
Friday, July 7, 1944, 2200All Bns.HenryWarning order - plan to move out 0400 8 July- More details later.361836
Friday, July 7, 1944, 2300All Bns.HenryConfirmed warning order. Will move out 0400 8 July 1944. Orders will be late. (Maj Kenan called and said it is definite we will move 0400)361836
Saturday, July 8, 1944, 0030S-5S-3Maj. Kenan called and said he would be back about 0100. Bn. Comdrs and Sep Co comdrs to meet at Regtl CP at 0100. Conference to be held.361836
Saturday, July 8, 1944, 0300S-3Marr0915 bomb #'s 4 & 5 0905 to 0915. Overlay coming down to us to show artillery and bomb concentration. If we want more targets bombed send word. Be ready to move out at 0915.361836
Saturday, July 8, 1944, 0302WhiteS-3Informed Maj. Edwards of delay in bombing and that he can call for more plane support if necessary.361836
Saturday, July 8, 1944, 0305RedKenanNo change except line of departure time 0915.361836
Saturday, July 8, 1944, 0309KenanWillinghamLt Willingham requests a jeep. Maj. will try to get him one. Cannot think of one off hand.361836
Saturday, July 8, 1944, 0326CanCanKenanMaj. Kenan informed CanCan of change of time of attack to 0915. Will send CanCan overlay and list of concentrated artillery from 0915 to 0930. Maj. Kenan wants this continued to 0945. It is to tie in with an aerial bombardment. (see order).361836
Saturday, July 8, 1944, 0345KenanWarrenInformed Maj. Kenan that three Battalions will concentrate on point #1.361836
Saturday, July 8, 1944, 0348S-3WarrenPoints to be fired on were questioned. Answer was they are OK.361836
Saturday, July 8, 1944, 0407All UnitsHenryDefense overlay of enemy position already now, but liaison is out at present. Either send for it or wait until order is out then we'll make distribution. Order will probably not reach Bns until they are on the road.361836
Saturday, July 8, 1944, 0512All UnitsKenanEnemy tank assembly area located at 345784.361836
Saturday, July 8, 1944, 0525KenanHillChange in bombing target, by Blackstone #6- #6 355779, #7-351777, #8-345776. #9-345771361836
Saturday, July 8, 1944, 0730Cargo 5S-3Maj. Kenan asked if Col. Marr called 12th and told them to cooperate as much as possible with 22nd in forthcoming attack. Answer - Yes. Cargo 3 said that about all that can be done is observe our fire. Will also use cannon and mortars for supporting fire.361836
Saturday, July 8, 1944, 0800S-6Red 3Maj. Goforth called and inquired of any new changes. None.361836
Saturday, July 8, 1944, 0804S-2Col. HansonCol. Hanson called and said that enemy were attacking at 37647680 with heavy tanks with 88mm followed by infantry.361836
Saturday, July 8, 1944, 0825S-2Capt. PorterTold Capt. Moon bombing would take place 0925. Attack changed to 0945. Artillery from 0945 to 1000.361836
Saturday, July 8, 1944, 08301st Bn CP at 361799361836
Saturday, July 8, 1944, 0905Co "C", 4th Engr CP at 314877.361836
Saturday, July 8, 1944, 0930G-3S-5Col. Ruggles called Div. and asked if bombing schedule would be adhered to. Yes it would.361836
Saturday, July 8, 1944, 0930Hear planes overhead. Bombing underway.361836
Saturday, July 8, 1944, 0945S-5Capt. PorterReported to Col Ruggles air mission completed. (Said some bombs fell short of targets) Col Ruggles called Kenan at 1st Bn and notified him.361836
Saturday, July 8, 1944, 0945LiaisonS-31st and 2nd Bn jumped off at 0945.361836
Saturday, July 8, 1944, 1007HickeyS-5Hickey said new CP location would be satisfactory for communication.361836
Saturday, July 8, 1944, 1012DelaneyMoonInformed Maj Delaney that Maj Kenan will report to Maj Delaney upon his return.361836
Saturday, July 8, 1944, 1025RedS-5Can't contact Maj Kenan at this CP. He is at fwd CP.361836
Saturday, July 8, 1944, 1027S-5CanCanHave completed mission standing by for call missions.361836
Saturday, July 8, 1944, 1045CabbageHenryCP 329839. Sending liaison officer to get information, if any, from prisoners.361836
Saturday, July 8, 1944, 1050S-2PorterBombing targets requested by cabbage, 1 & 2 before 1200- 331804-326801; others 1200-1500 328798-317791-311755.361836
Saturday, July 8, 1944, 1053S-2GoodwinLeading Bn is 2nd - 2nd has crossed barrier. Casualties from S mines- no other resistance. Will send position of 1 & 3 upon receipt of same.361836
Saturday, July 8, 1944, 1055S-3WhiteWhite crossed LOD at 1008.361836
Saturday, July 8, 1944, 1057RedS-2Asked for Maj Kenan- No line thru to forward CP where he is working on line.361836
Saturday, July 8, 1944, 1100KenanRugglesAsked about a move. This seems to be coming but we haven't the area yet. Maj Keenan reports White meeting resistance at 348786.361836
Saturday, July 8, 1944, 1117S-5KenanNew CP is in vicinity of 358805.361836
Saturday, July 8, 1944, 1120S-2CanCanCamber called CanCan to find if they were firing any white phosphorus. CanCan is not. Wants to know if we are firing in area 333795.361836
Saturday, July 8, 1944, 1129RugglesCanCanThe 8th picked up some voluntary prisoners.361836
Saturday, July 8, 1944, 1136S-2DrakeCargo reports WP 347794 in 1st Bn area.361836
Saturday, July 8, 1944, 1145S-2BurnsideSouthwest of stream - Center 346786 - Not using WP.361836
Saturday, July 8, 1944, 1205Henry20th F.A.Wants some information. 2nd Bn called for mortar fire on 347785. This and general information given by Lt. Henry.361836
Saturday, July 8, 1944, 1210S-2Burnside2nd Bn CP at 360797. Shell fire at 220 mag azimuth of fairly heavy caliber peaking over this CP.361836
Saturday, July 8, 1944, 1217S-2Red 1Red forward CP. Troops are following titbits and meeting no re resistance. Capt Moon reports White stymied by automatic fire right now. S3 and S6 are forward visiting.361836
Saturday, July 8, 1944, 1225Camber 2S-2360797- Maj Moon reports this point having heavy caliber fire passing overhead at 5 minute intervals.361836
Saturday, July 8, 1944, 1230GoodwinS-2We are not responsible for white phosphorus fire. Maj Moon gives location of 2nd Bn at 347787 held up by small automatic fire. Reports 331st leading elements at 362780 at 1210- Moon sending I & R patrol in the gap between this point and our troops.361836
Saturday, July 8, 1944, 1305Art.FosterCaisson 6 asked for Artillery fire on 318752.361836
Saturday, July 8, 1944, 1307RugglesBurnsideNo change - still held up - Co "G" made little progress with tanks.361836
Saturday, July 8, 1944, 1323HickeyRugglesWhite located at 348784.361836
Saturday, July 8, 1944, 1330WatsonFosterPoints to be worked over in artillery spare time 321743-316746-308743-302737. Watson notified FDC Jealous is putting 15 rounds per hour until 1700.361836
Saturday, July 8, 1944, 1353RugglesCargo 3Ruggles gave cargo 3 our situation - Cargo 3 gave Ruggles his situation. Cargo CP at 353822.361836
Saturday, July 8, 1944, 14451st Bn located 361800- 3rd Bn 363603361836
Saturday, July 8, 1944, 1453White front lines at 345785- CP at 361800.361836
Saturday, July 8, 1944, 14568th Inf CP 349621361836
Saturday, July 8, 1944, 1500S-3RedFront lines at 351788 - mixed in with reserve co of white.361836
Saturday, July 8, 1944, 1507GoodwinMoonCo "G" advancing- Co "F" pinned down - lost one tank.361836
Saturday, July 8, 1944, 1615Red 5Henry"K" Co of Cabbage is in our sector at 338796. Receiving fire from point 338794. They plan to call for artillery. Called 1st Bn. to see if all is clear. Everything clear go ahead and fire.361836
Saturday, July 8, 1944, 1700S-5S-3Maj. Kenan called and Col. Ruggles told of situation as he knew it.361836
Saturday, July 8, 1944, 1735S-2White 6Receiving small arms fire on left flank, right flank, and front.361836
Saturday, July 8, 1944, 1800Forward echelon moving up to new CP soon.361836
Saturday, July 8, 1944, 1810S-2Maj. SwinkAsked for 1st Bn location. Just south of 351788. Capt Moon also gave him "F" Co location of 345785 and "G" Co at 345782.361836
Saturday, July 8, 1944, 1815S-5S-3Button up at 2100 tonight - Resume attack in morning at 0730. Arty concentrations to be carefully registered and sharp watch kept on flanks tonight.361836
Saturday, July 8, 1944, 1817S-1LatimerBn. swinging around and getting set to attack objective. Sending out patrol to contact Cabbage.361836
Saturday, July 8, 1944, 1900Forward echelon moving forward to new CP.361836
Saturday, July 8, 1944, 1940Arrived at new CP - located at 368819.361836
Saturday, July 8, 1944, 1945G-6S-61st Bn reported on objective. Told to keep pushing to southwest. But stay in Zone of Action.361836
Saturday, July 8, 1944, 2002General Roosevelt arrives at new CP for visit.368819
Saturday, July 8, 1944, 2007General Roosevelt left after a short conversation with Col Foster.368819
Saturday, July 8, 1944, 2016Blue 3FosterTold them to move to advanced area immediately.368819
Saturday, July 8, 1944, 2018WhiteFosterCol. Foster asks what progress is being made. The progress has been very slow because of artillery fire. White his seen tail end of Bn. Red also progressing slowly. White is further informed to disregard previous instructions to button up at 2100 but to keep pushing and advising Col. Foster of progress.368819
Saturday, July 8, 1944, 2025BlueFosterAsks for location of leading elements. Foster directs that Bn. keeps pushing and advise him of progress.368819
Saturday, July 8, 1944, 2030FDC CanCanKenanConcentrations to be done right away. Red Bn. at present pushing south and west making good progress. All other concentrations ignore at present. Wilco and report when concentration on pt 322776 is made. Other concentrations are 318765-323765-327764-333768-326767-318773.368819
Saturday, July 8, 1944, 2102CanCanKenanFiring concentration 322776 - Kenan asks for 10 minutes. Wilco & fire longer if required.368819
Saturday, July 8, 1944, 2108Cactus 4S-4Foster wishes to make a complaint about the German dead left by the 83rd Division. Maj DeYoung advises that Maj. sent must gather up these dead and let DeYoung know how mane he turns over to the Quartermaster.368819
Saturday, July 8, 1944, 2219Red and forward White out so far.368819
Saturday, July 8, 1944, 2125KenanCanCanCamber wants our OK to fire on 32467821. Its OK'd by Maj Kenan.368819
Saturday, July 8, 1944, 2131S-2Opr.Have wire into White and Blue, CanCan, Cannon Co, and two lines to Division at present.368819
Saturday, July 8, 1944, 2138KenanCampus Red 5Wants the release of our tanks if our 1st Bn is digging in for the night. We plan some attachments tomorrow-this latter statement made as a warning.368819
Saturday, July 8, 1944, 2147RedKenanKenan orders they stop at present point and button up for the night. Continue attack on same plan tomorrow at 0730. Asked for present lines - Unknown - Bn. is moving CP forward - Before doing so Kenan asks for tentative location of same. Wilco.368819
Saturday, July 8, 1944, 2151WhiteKenanHalt your attack in present point and button up. Prepare to contine attack to same objective with same attachments tomorrow at 0730. Cannot stop now - receiving an attack. Kenan advises they keep tanks as long as necessary and that we can supply more antitank protection.368819
Saturday, July 8, 1944, 2151HenryDrakeHenry reports that Maj. Edwards is being attacked by several tanks from his right flank. Drake asks situation of 1st. Henry informs him that it is not known. Drake asked to be kept advised. Wilco. Drake wishes to speak to Col. Foster. Asks Col. Foster what change there is in dispositions. Col. foster talked of tanks and everything attacking 2nd Bn.368819
Saturday, July 8, 1944, 2205KenanEdwardsNeeds a Co for aid to F Co who is flushed out of it place. Kenan will send Co of Infantry and antitank units.368819
Saturday, July 8, 1944, 2209Blue 6KenanWhite needs aid. Kenan is sending platoon of antitank. Col. Teague will commit L Co to White's aid. Situation is grave. The tank infantry attack is in hand. Col. Teague is sending machine gun section to F Co Edwards doesn't know how many German tanks & Infantry there is in his area. Col. Teague orders Blazzard down hedgerow in middle of two roads. One tank, 60 ton job, is moving back. One tank in flames. F Co rallied. Ordered 60 rds of WP mortar fire on road. Blazzard ("K" Co) going down to consult with Edwards leaving his company alerted. White was moving antitank gun around burned out tank when attack started.368819
Saturday, July 8, 1944, 2230HenryPorterPorter will call back in ten minutes. Wished to discuss air targets.368819
Saturday, July 8, 1944, 2345HenryPorterTalked over targets for air mission.368819
Saturday, July 8, 1944, 2253KenanWillinghamLt. Willingham believes that other platoon should not be committed. Kenan agrees.368819
Saturday, July 8, 1944, 2300KenanCampus RedOrder will be out tonight. Kenan asks that Campus send a man down to pick up information. Kenan indicates that it will be first and second in Battalion echelon with 3rd in reserve. Attachments and plans the same. 0800 tomorrow.368819
Saturday, July 8, 1944, 2305Cactus 3S-3CP of 8th Inf 349821. 357778 - 2nd of 331st, 3rd 367789. Cabbage is moving up to 334793.368819
Saturday, July 8, 1944, 2310KenanEdwardsEdwards reports that the 2nd Bn got two tanks today. Says they are big ones for they have 88MM mounted on them. Wiped out a lot of Infantry with tanks. Estimate of enemy attacking force is one company of Infantry. There is still Infantry and three tanks to "K" Co front.368819
Saturday, July 8, 1944, 2325PorterKenanAir missions for 0800 9 July 332779-337777-331775-336774- Bombline from 335786 to 350780.368819
Saturday, July 8, 1944, 2359ShortKenanKenan asked Short if he could clear the main asphalt road of mines up to the front lines tonight.368819
Sunday, July 9, 1944, 0001KenanArt.331st Inf wants to fire S and E of 341776 - This point is in our zone of action - answer, no.368819
Sunday, July 9, 1944, 0020KenanShortGoing to clear road early in the morning.368819
Sunday, July 9, 1944, 00303rd Bn of Cabbage at 329793.368819
Sunday, July 9, 1944, 00322nd Bn. Radio MessageWire destroyed completely- Can we expect help from you? Kenan notified and Hickey too. We are sending a radio message to 2nd Bn to start working towards us and we will work toward them.368819
Sunday, July 9, 1944, 0045KenanCabbage 33rd Bn of Cabbage have a little activity on their flank - Want to know if its us or not - Kenan going to check - Red wire out.368819
Sunday, July 9, 1944, 0130KenanArt.331 Inf. can fire anywhere SE of 341777.368819
Sunday, July 9, 1944, 0205Red 3S-6Col. Foster discussed days events with Maj. Goforth. Had a few casualties caused by enemy arty while moving up to 2nd Bn. Col. Foster to him to continue attack in morning and keep pushing. Maj. Goforth told the Col. slow progress was due to not being able to call for arty becase of troops in front. 368819
Sunday, July 9, 1944, 0400S-3Capt. PorterAir missions to be flown from 0740-0750 + on 0800. First mission will take in point 332780. Others will be bombed at 0800 to 0810.368819
Sunday, July 9, 1944, 0415S-3Capt. PorterCo. D 87th is allowed, only 1/3 basic amm. of firing today.368819
Sunday, July 9, 1944, 0445Attack orders sent out by liaison officers. (See copy order)368819
Sunday, July 9, 1944, 0545S-32nd BattalionThe 2nd Battalion has received their orders.368819
Sunday, July 9, 1944, 0608S-3WalkerThe 3rd Battalion hasn't received its orders as yet.368819
Sunday, July 9, 1944, 0615Opr.HenryWires to all Battalions.368819
Sunday, July 9, 1944, 0616HenryBatesCheck on 1st Battalion. On objective and were pushed off. Wanted to know if they were to take yesterdays objective together with today or to bypass the former.368819
Sunday, July 9, 1944, 0620S-3BlueBlue reports receipt of its orders.368819
Sunday, July 9, 1944, 0627S-3EllisAll Battalions have received their orders. Reports that the 2nd Battalion knocked out the German 60 ton job.368819
Sunday, July 9, 1944, 0700JournalS-3Receipt of S3 periodic report and overlay.368819
Sunday, July 9, 1944, 0722S-2Can Can33767780 is the coordinate and the road junction. Do not jibe. 33907796 are the coordinates which are right. 33807780 S. end 34017801 N. end are the bounds of #5. They are going to shell this 155mm rifles.368819
Sunday, July 9, 1944, 0735S-2DelaneyJump off at that area- no air support- to get it it will have to be requested through Porter368819
Sunday, July 9, 1944, 0740Caisson 6BartonMajor Goforth's Bn pull back clear off the position. Because of artillery plan, 1st and 2nd continue the attack. To get by Saltiny- Saltiny should be cleared by 8th and 12th.368819
Sunday, July 9, 1944, 0755S-5WatsonOther objectives fired by Arty 0820 to 0830. Air not flown.
Sunday, July 9, 1944, 0800LanhamCactus 6The ground lost yesterday was invaluable it must be reclaimed. The 1st Bn's failure must be investigated but this is not paramount. We must deep a net with Cactus 6 today at all times. Col. Foster has been relieved of command. Col. Lanham to take command. Col. Foster to remain as assistant to Col. Lanham.366819
Sunday, July 9, 1944, 0803FosterPorter331780 target which was cancelled will be hit at 0850.366819
Sunday, July 9, 1944, 0810S-5WhiteCol. Lanham tells Maj. Edwards that the attack must be reclaimed and that the fall back was responsible for the Regiment's failure yesterday. Try to outflank the enemy who has moved into the lost ground. Use artillery all possible. (Line went dead)366819
Sunday, July 9, 1944, 08251st Bn.S-6Col. Lanham tells Capt. Latimer that this Bn. must take back the lost ground. Nothing to stop them under any circumstances. Tells the Capt. to inform Maj. Goforth that he was largely responsible for Col. Foster losing command.366819
Sunday, July 9, 1944, 0839RugglesGoforth1st Battalion 200 yds past LOD- Ruggles told him that air mission was coming in on point #331780 at 0850. Red is moving fast, no resistance. 1st Bn. jumped off at 0830.366819
Sunday, July 9, 1944, 0914RugglesCabbage 3Request permission to fire artillery on points #332783 and 330781- Ruggles checked and said OK. Cabbage sent a company between gap between his 1st Bn. and our 3rd Bn.366819
Sunday, July 9, 1944, 0924Blue 5Casson 6Col. Lanham wants Col. Teague to report to CP for a conference.366819
Sunday, July 9, 1944, 0935CP Red at 346791- Front lines as of 0900 at 343788.366819
Sunday, July 9, 1944, 0943LanhamBartonBarton gave Lanham some advance information. We will have to hold up 2nd Bn. until 331st take their objective.366819
Sunday, July 9, 1944, 0945Col. Ruggles sent to 2nd Bn. to take command.366819
Sunday, July 9, 1944, 0953DelaneyKentHenry gave Delaney the situation.366819
Sunday, July 9, 1944, 1020WatsonArtilleryChecking firing points.366819
Sunday, July 9, 1944, 1040WatsonArtilleryArtillery checking point #348778- No dice- can fire 340774.366819
Sunday, July 9, 1944, 1053Capt. Kent8th Inf.Approval to bomb point #330780 at 1330. We OK it. Bomb line 340780 Northwest to 333789- Porter said it is disapproved.366819
Sunday, July 9, 1944, 1100KentG-2Black Bird reported enemy tanks 342778 along road at 1025. 1st Bn. CP 345792- Front lines 341788- No change in right flank.366819
Sunday, July 9, 1944, 1120KentCabbage 3Checking firing points - OK to fire 334788.366819
Sunday, July 9, 1944, 1145KentBurnsideReports 1st Bn. 344785. Not quite up to them.366819
Sunday, July 9, 1944, 1150S-6Gen. BartonOne battalion from 12th will be put on right flank of 1st Bn. to help us and 8th.366819
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Action Against Enemy, Reports After/After Action Report – July 1944



8 August 1944

SUBJECT: Action Against Enemy, Reports After/After Action Report.

TO: The Adjutant General, Washington, D. C.

THRU: Channels.

During the period 1 July 44 to 6 July 44, the 22nd Infantry Regiment, 4th Infantry Division, was located in an assembly area near Amfreville, Normandy, France. The time was used to train, to clean equipment, and to prepare for future operations on 6 July 1944.

The Regiment moved to a forward assembly area west of Carentan in preparation for an attack south along the Carentan-Periers road. Immediately upon arrival in the new area, the 1st Battalion went on a one hour alert status ready to support the 12th Infantry if the need arose.

Throughout 7 July, the Regiment was on a two hour alert status but was not called upon for movement. During the day Company “C”, 801st TD Battalion, Company “D”, 87th Chemical Battalion, and the 70th Tank Battalion less one  company, were attached to the Regiment.

On the morning of 8 July, the 22nd Infantry with its attachments passed through elements of the 83rd Division and attacked to the southwest in the order; 2nd Battalion, 1st Battalion, with the 3rd Battalion in reserve in the vicinity of La Varimesnil. The 2nd Battalion had as its mission, the breaching of the enemy line southwest of Culot and continuation of the attack to seize La Maugerie. The 1st Battalion had as its mission the capture of high ground in the vicinity of Neuville. Late in the afternoon the 1st Battalion moved through the breach in the enemy lines effected by the 2nd Battalion and at approximately 2030 was reported as being on its objective. At about 2130 the 2nd Battalion received a counterattack to its front and right flank by German infantry and tanks and by 2300 the situation was under control.

The attack was resumed on 9 July with two Battalions abreast,  1st Battalion on the right to seize objectives in the vicinity of La Maugerie. Colonel C.T. Lanham assumed command of the Regiment and Lt. col. John F. Ruggles was sent to assume command of the 2nd Battalion in order that the attack might be pushed. The 2nd Battalion seized Sainteny and at dark the Regiment halted for the night along the line Les Forges-Sainteny.

The Regiment continued the attack on 10 July with the 1st and 2nd Battalions in the assault. The 3rd Battalion was committed on the left (east) of the 2nd Battalion with orders to seize that portion of the Regimental objective east of La Maugerie. At approximately 1800, the 3rd Battalion movement masked the fires of the 2nd Battalion and the 2nd Battalion reverted to Regimental Reserve. The 1st Battalion advanced to the outskirts of La Maugerie and that position was held for the night with the 3rd Battalion on their left.

On 11 July the attack was resumed. The 3rd Battalion was directed to seize the high ground in the vicinity of Raids by envelopment from the east. This Battalion struck a strong defensive position almost immediately and was held up. The 2nd Battalion was employed on its left. During the day Company “C” mopped up La Maugerie. The end of the days operations found all three Battalions on  line extending from La Maugerie to the southeast.

The 2nd and 3rd Battalions continued the attack on 12 July to seize the objectives in the vicinity of Raids. The 1st Battalion reverted to Regimental reserve and moved from La Maugerie to an assembly area in the left rear of the 2nd Battalion. The advance progressed slowly and the Regimental Commander employed the 1st Battalion in an enveloping action on the east. The 1st Battalion advanced to a position southeast of La Roserie. By 0300, 13 July the 22nd Infantry less the 3rd Battalion was relieved by elements of the 12th Infantry and moved to  Division reserve in the vicinity of Les Forges.

The 3rd Battalion was attached in place to the 12th Infantry and remained in its position until late on the afternoon of the 14th when it was relieved by  the 3rd Battalion of the 8th Infantry.

On the 15th July the Regiment was alerted for movement to a new assembly area in the vicinity of Montmartin-En-Grainges. This movement was accomplished on the 16 July by motor and without mishap.

From the 17th July to 18 July the Regiment remained in the assembly area carrying out a training schedule, resting, and taking advantage of Quartermaster showers and Special Service facilities.

On the 19th July RCT 22 moved to the Vicinity of La Kine where it was attached to the 2nd Armored Division as a part of Combat command “A”, commanded by Brig. Gen. Maurice Rose. The Combat Team consisted of the 22nd Infantry, 44th Field Artillery, Company “C”, 4th Medical Battalion, one platoon from Company “C” 4th Engineer Battalion, and the 427th and 428th Quartermaster Truck Companies. The mission assigned the combat command was to break through the hostile position on the front St. Gillis-Marigny and to seize, occupy, and defend the dominating terrain in the vicinity of Le Mesnil Herman. Bad weather delayed the planned saturation bombardment until the 26th. This period was used to train Infantry-Tank teams, to instill the offensive spirit and to perfect plans.

On the 26th of July, Combat Command “A” began its breakthrough operation in  the direction of St. Gillis and Canisy. Originally the Combat Command was to attack in two columns with the 1st Battalion in the left column and the 2nd and 3rd Battalions in the right or north column. The 3rd Battalion was the reserve Battalion and rode in two and one-half ton trucks in rear of the Infantry-Armored assault elements. This plan was revised the night of 25 July by the VII Corps. This plan directed the attack from a single column with all elements on the north route. Considerable difficulty was experienced in changing the plan of attack at this late hour but by daylight of 26 July, Combat Command “A” had moved assembly areas north of the breakthrough area and the attack ready to roll. Infantry-Tank teams worked together perfectly. The device for breaching hedgerows was of great assistance. Cross country with infantry riding tanks proceeded at about a mile an hour. Hedgerows plus craters from the air saturation the  previous day precluded faster progress.

Late in the afternoon Combat Command “A” was directed to revert to the two column plan and to continue its advance on roads in order to accelerate the advance. Owning to the great length of the column, the disposition then in effect, and the badly cratered roads, this split was not completed until St. Gillis was secured.

By daylight 27 July the objective was taken. The 22nd Infantry was digging in for all round defense and coordinating its fires all in accordance with detailed defense plans previously prepared. Reconnaissance teams were pushed to the south. Infantry patrols combed the area gathering up prisoners caught in the onrush. The colored truck drivers of the 427th and 428th Quartermaster Truck Companies participated in the roundup of prisoners. By noon the position was secure and the area thoroughly cleaned up.

Late in the afternoon two task forces, each consisting of a company of tanks and a company of infantry were dispatched to make a reconnaissance in force to the south. Company “K” in the western force drove as far south as Villebaudon where it was picked up the next day by the remainder of the 3rd Battalion attacking  south to Percy.

On the afternoon of 28 July, Combat Command “A” issued orders for a three column attack. The 3rd Battalion was attached to the 3rd Battalion of the 66th Armored Regiment and attacked south along the Le Mesnil Herman-Percy road. The 1st Battalion was attached to the 2nd Battalion of the Armored Regiment and attacked south in the direction of Moyon but ran into a strong position south of that town and were unable to advance. The 2nd Battalion was attached to the 1st Armored Battalion and attacked south on the eastern route toward Tessy sur Vire. It encountered an RCT of the 30th Division held up by a well dug in and determined enemy. An effort to break the position was thwarted by a stream and the task force dug in and held several kilometers south of Le Mesnil Herman. At the end of the day’s operation, Combat Command “A” was halted with the 3rd Battalion near Percy, the 2nd Battalion approximately one and one-half miles south of Les Mesnil Herman, and the 1st Battalion occupying Moyon.

On 29 July the 1st and 2nd Battalions resumed their attacks, but were unable to dislodge the Germans from their positions along the stream south of Moyon. The 3rd Battalion attacked and seized the high ground northeast of Percy.

On the night of 29-30 July the 1st and 2nd Battalions and their armored teammates disengaged and moved west to the Les Mesnil Herman-Percy axis and attacked south toward Villebaudon starting about 1100 on the 30th July. Near Villebaudon  Command Combat “A” encountered enemy columns attacking from three directions and a violent battle ensued. By nightfall the enemy had been defeated and the situation was stabilized. During the 29th and part of the 30th July the 3rd Battalion, 22nd Infantry, and the 3rd Battalion, 66th Armored, were cut off from the remainder of Combat Command “A”.

On 31 July the 3rd Battalion remained near Percy holding the high ground to the northeast; the 1st Battalion was disposed around Villebaudon; and the 2nd Battalion attacked west from Villebaudon to reduce enemy pockets of resistance. During the night 31 July-1 August Combat Command “A” was attached to the 29th Division and orders were received that all elements of the 29th Division would attack and seize Tessy sur Vire the following morning.

Colonel, 22nd Infantry,